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Cacadores

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Nov 22 08 9:01 PM

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M46 Patton

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KOREAN WAR FIRST MARINE TANKS BATTALION IN SUPPORT OF TURKISH BRIGADE - A 1st Marine Division tank crew member is careful not to let the hatch door slam against his tank, as he climbs out to inspect his tank after received three harmless 76 Howitzer hits. NARA FILE #: 127-GK-234D-A173204 Either M26A1 or M46. It seems there is a small additional idler between the last road wheel and the drive sprocket. If so, it's M46.
It's an M46, notice the pioneer rack on the glacis plate and the sprocket is mounted higher for the new transmission. All M46s were remanufactured M26s.

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Cacadores

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#1 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:44 PM

The M46 – The First Patton Tank
by Dave Barrett
The limited use of the M26 ‘Pershing’ at the end of WWII, led the U.S. forces to believe they had the basis for a successful tank design. However, it did not meet the requirements laid forth by the Ground Forces Equipment Review Board in 1945. The key complaint with the tank, was that it was underpowered. The M26 used the same drive train as the M4 series. With its added weight, it was an inevitable conclusion that a new power plant was needed.

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USMC M46 in Korea, 8 July 1952. Note the different rear plate and twin fender-mounted exhausts.

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Cacadores

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#2 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:45 PM

A new engine, the Continental Motors AV-1790-1 V-form, 12-cylinder, water-cooled, gasoline engine was combined with a new design General Motors CD-850-1 cross-drive transmission. This power plant developed 740 hp, a somewhat limited increase in power. The novel design of this unit, was that it acted as a transmission, braking system, and steering system all in one unit. In addition to this modification, a bore evacuator was added to the M3A1 90mm tank gun, along with a single baffle muzzle brake. Certain other changes were made, including an M83 telescopic fire control system, and round transmission access covers.

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M46A1 in Belgium; one out of eight vehicles leased to Belgium in 1952, this particular tank was donated by the USA to the Royal Army Museum of Brussels in 1984

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Cacadores

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#3 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:45 PM

So in essence, the ‘Patton’ was basically a modernized ‘Pershing’. Originally designated the M26E2, the tank was accepted into service as the Medium Tank M46. It was given the nickname “Patton” in honor of the great WWII general George S. Patton Jr.

From the inception of the M46 program, it was known that the tank would merely be a stop-gap measure, to be filled at a later date by the T42 medium tank class design. However, with the outbreak of the Korean War, the tank was rushed into action to combat the North Korean T-34/85s alongside its M26 cousin.

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Cacadores

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#5 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:49 PM

The tank saw action in the Korean War 1950-1953 where it proved superior to Russian T34/85, About 200 M46 were used by the US forces in Korea.

During the Korean War, on 08 August 1950 the first M46 Patton tanks belonging to the 6th Tank Battalion landed in South Korea.[4] The tank proved superior to the much lighter North Korean T-34-85, which were encountered in relatively small numbers. By the end of the war, approximately 200 M46 Pattons had been fielded,[5] forming nearly 15% of US tank strength in Korea; the majority of tanks in service in Korea were M4 Shermans.

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#6 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:52 PM

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The M46 was in the early fifties for training purposes leased for free in small numbers to some European countries, including Belgium, France and Italy, in preparation of the introduction of the M47. US instruction teams used the vehicles to train European tank crews and maintenance personnel

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Nov 22 08 9:57 PM

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The M47 Patton was the second tank of the Patton series, and one of the U.S Army's principal medium battle tanks of the cold war (the Ordnance Committee Minutes (OCM) #33476 ceased utilizing the terms heavy, medium, and light tank designations on 07 November 1950, going to the Heavy (120mm), Medium (90mm), and Light (76mm) Gun systems instead), with models in service from the early 1950s to the late 1980s.

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#12 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:58 PM

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The tank belongs to the Patton family of tanks, named after General George S. Patton, commander of the U.S. Third Army during World War II and one of the earliest American advocates for the use of tanks in battle. It was a further development of the M46 Patton tank.

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Cacadores

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#13 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:58 PM

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The M47 was the U.S. Army and Marine Corps primary tank, intended to replace the M46 Patton and M4 Sherman tanks. The M47 was widely used by U.S. Cold War allies, both SEATO and NATO countries, and was the only Patton series tank that never saw combat while in US service.

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Cacadores

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#14 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:59 PM

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Although roughly similar (from a distance) to the later M48s and M60s, these were completely new tank designs. Many different M47 Patton models remain in service internationally. The M47 was the last US tank to have a ball-mounted machine gun in the hull.

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#16 [url]

Nov 22 08 9:59 PM

COMBAT HISTORY

The M47 was used by the Turkish Army, along with M48s, in the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in July and August 1974, with an estimated 200 or more Pattons involved in the action. At least one operational M47, number 092273, was captured intact by the Cypriot National Guard and was reported to be still in service as late as 1993.[3]

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#17 [url]

Nov 22 08 10:00 PM

The M47 was used by Jordan in the Six Day War in 1967. Pakistan used M47s against India in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Iran used Pattons against Iraq in the Iran-Iraq war.

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#18 [url]

Nov 22 08 10:00 PM

Croatia used M47s against the Serbs in the Croatian War of Independence but their performance was considered to be inferior to that of the Soviet T-55s. The Pattons were retired from service immediately after the war, and are now used as gunnery/missile targets during military exercises.

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